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View Full Version : Drugs and Music - what up with it these days?



Diaz
11-03-2005, 07:53 AM
[I almost called this Drugs In Music,]

I know its been a thing, especially in some threads of music journalism/appreciation but especially , as regards things coming out of rave, to study the history of drugs alongside the history of music as a means of gauging the general psyche of music qua its context and its creators. This has always had ties to the authenticity/creative aspects of talking-about-music for me, and I thought I might at least throw it out there in light of my ignorance of the rest of the world, and my\e on the subject.
Viz.,
It was Reynolds (http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0415923735/002-6643694-9023207) who first implanted the cognizance of this particular tack to me, although I suspect its history lies more with older heroes, recently departed (http://www.gonzo.org/) and not (http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/l/lucretiu.htm) .


uh, enough for the introduction to this damn essay, i was thinking about how many of responded to k-punk's thread about weed, and i was listening to one of the first ever actual grime sets i've ever heard that was being all live...and and i was like 'huh, incongruity', since a few of the mcs espoused it and it's prolly a part of the scene. And I listened to some baile funk and thought about it, and I listened to some old what-I'd-call-Acid-House and thought about it, and came to 'a thinkeration'.

And since I can't ask about whether or not y'all take drugs and listen to something and then it makes sense, I'm shortenin' the old thesis and ask a few: I know around where I am (los angeles), marijuana and alcohol and cocaine and speed(but only for the girls) still pretty much fuel most of the drug diets around here, creatively and not. And Los Angeles' scene, for a good 90% of it, sucks ass. Are on y'all something we don't know about or can't get here? Does marijuana affect my understanding of grime [ or worse, authenticity at all?] and what its doing [i listen, i like, but it doesn't grip me. A lot of good things don't- I didn't like hip-hop till my freshman year of college when I saw girls dancing to Tribe)? Would Sodium Pentothal (http://www.psicologia.freeservers.com/diversos/soro_verdade.html) allow us to solve the "MIA - authentic, false, post-modern, or something else entirely" debate?

if you want some justification, once you've connected music + drugs connection, music + politics is easy as calculus.

please spout away, for edification or logorrheatics.

simon silverdollar
11-03-2005, 08:24 AM
i don't think the THC factor really comes across in how grime sounds. maybe it does in the breakier, darker, stuff like plasticman and loefah and kode9 and whatever, with all the permutations of really heavy bass pressure you get in that stuff, but in MC grime, i don't think the fact that the artists smoke a lot really affects the sound that much.

[one pos exception tho: jammer- who smokes like the rasta he is- and who's doing these hyper-dense, viscous basslines at the moment. also, he sounds mashed whenever he MCs].

nnnnnnneccckle!!


on a sidenote, jack dripdropdrap was telling me once that villalobos is well into ketamine and that's why his music sounds so crazy.

Backjob
11-03-2005, 08:44 AM
I think villalobos is probably into all sorts of exciting drugs that the rest of us can't get hold of. If I could party with anyone in the world it'd probably be him. You can just tell from the music that it'd be unbelievable.

I reckon grime is coke+booze music. It's got that aggro shoutiness and self-aggrandisement. You could jump up and down and shout "serious" while drinking something sticky and strong, then nip into the bogs for a line and come out moshing.

On the flip I think there's a lot of prescription drug use these days. Valium and whisky - choice of a new generation.

jack
11-03-2005, 02:17 PM
I don't remember saying the Villalobos thing. maybe i was OFF MY FACE!!!! ON DRUDS!!!

dunno whether grime seems boozy, apart from the high-ballin champagne at Fabric kind of thing (oh and that gross blue sizzurp that flo dan likes). The most odd thing about Conflict DVD is that the pub closing time aggro that breaks out is only fueled by Ribena. Wiley gets accusations of coke use doesn't he? Derek W also said his album is kind of forcefully egotistical like a coke-up monologue. Maybe it would suit grime in it's exactness and obv the one-upmanship. The way some people are descibing the Roll Deep album, it could be grime's 'Be Here Now' ;)

Whenever I've taken hallucinagens and listened to hallucinagen-inspired music (like droney, detatched space music) I can't get into it. I get all cynical and think I can see through it's contrived 'trippy-ness'. Maybe this is why there will be no other drugs that mirror the ecstacy/rave music thing; no other drugs have the empathetic 'we're feeling this together, lets rally round this music'. Other drugs are probebly too insular and not community-consciousness forming enough.

Grievous Angel
11-03-2005, 02:47 PM
i don't think the THC factor really comes across in how grime sounds.

I do :).


maybe it does in the breakier, darker, stuff like plasticman and loefah and kode9 and whatever, with all the permutations of really heavy bass pressure you get in that stuff

Yeah, collie herb and amphetamine psychosis, the twin chemical poles of the ardkore current.


but in MC grime, i don't think the fact that the artists smoke a lot really affects the sound that much.

I think it's central. Dizzee's said as much in interviews FWIW.

Grievous Angel
11-03-2005, 02:50 PM
where I am (los angeles), marijuana and alcohol and cocaine and speed... fuel most of the drug diets around here, creatively and not. And Los Angeles' scene, for a good 90% of it, sucks ass.

There's more to it than just having drugs. Drugs are just a component of the scenius alongside technology, politics and culture.

On an individual level, it's about mind-set, setting and dosage (cf Leary).

Matt DC
11-03-2005, 03:09 PM
I'd been thinking about this question re: grime for some time. Is it the first point in the (hem hem) continuum where E has been largely taken out of the equation altogether? Has it?

polystyle desu
11-03-2005, 03:26 PM
Hey Diaz

Was thinking about some of the same this AM after Diplo @ Rothko last night ...
Soon as i got inside , there is one mate of mine with baggie of brownies filled with green who hands me a chunks and his flask of brandy . Ok , why not ?
Another friend hands me a beer and we have our spot diggin the sounds of opening DJ lady.
Crowd keeps coming in , looks like night of a dozen (silly) caps , we shift from one place to another ,
while Spankrock kept the crowd in the room .
Friends are getting restless , one claims 'I can't move' , and they get ready to split .
I go down with them to coat check , breaking through lines of people blocking the hall
'waiting for the bathroom' (Ok, but if you can just move over a bit ).
Jeez, time to head up in the back dark room and light up nice joint .
Bk upstairs , Diplo's on in rapid clip I hear those old synths from Whodini ( 'Got It Twisted ' ),
a Baile favela funk , here comes a MIA trk or 2 , then grime time .
It all went better with ... can focus on the music and enjoy the beat

Some friends were on Valium and brandy , wanted to do more of that slowness today
(Thanks , but i have to uh ... function today) but me the geezer needed to smoke to get more up .
Far as I could tell not many others were smoking , mainly kids drinking and spilling

Don't go for the ketamine , that's animal trank folks

luka
11-03-2005, 03:29 PM
i was a bit young to be raving at the time but would have thought e disappeared from the scene in about 94 with jungle.

henrymiller
11-03-2005, 03:40 PM
depends what scene you mean, i guess. i think e rolled out *even further* in the late 90s. '98 was the big mitsubishi year wasn't it? when i was at uni (98 ->) it had become more of a living room drug.

Mr. Tiger
11-03-2005, 04:40 PM
Diaz raises some interesting questions:

Here in the US (I'm in Chicago) drugs and music (or any other creative endeavor I can think of) don't seem to have any interesting connections going these days, asides maybe from the syrup drinkers in the south.

Obviously rappers are still smoking tons of weed, but I'm not really hearing anything that seems designed in any way to interact with or intensify the weed vibe. Hipsters and indie kids are always drinking and smoking weed, but it doesn't seem to have any bearing on what gets produced (Animal Collective may be an exception--those guys sound like they might be on some good shit); the drug you hear the most about these days is crystal meth, whose demographic--poor, rural whites and big city gays--means any effect it has on music will show up in: country, metal (which maybe it already is) or diva-y house. Meth influenced country could be interesting, though...

The tale end of the '90s, the boom years, everyone I knew was doing coke and ecstasy, and I had high hopes for this somehow affecting the music/art/writing they were doing, and there was that little phase of "b-boys on e" that Reynolds wrote about. Then we had Bush, 9/11 and a recession and it all petered out pretty quickly. Now I don't know anyone who's seen any ecstasy around for years. Since then it's been booze, weed and speed, with a fairly stable contingent of kids getting into heroin every year cuz they want to be like Burroughs/Reed/Cobain/etc.

I've always envied you Brits for having, what seems to me, a much more interesting drug culture and drug/music interface. What's your secret?

Pearsall
11-03-2005, 04:52 PM
depends what scene you mean, i guess. i think e rolled out *even further* in the late 90s. '98 was the big mitsubishi year wasn't it? when i was at uni (98 ->) it had become more of a living room drug.

E will never disappear at techno/house/trance/hardcore events, but if we're talking about the specific London hardcore continuum, jungle was probably the splitting point (having said that, I think that e made a big comeback in dnb when it shifted to more of a suburban white audience - the few dnb events I've been to in the last couple years in Britain seemed to have a lot more pop-pupil madness than I remembered from 96/97).

mms
11-03-2005, 04:57 PM
I think villalobos is probably into all sorts of exciting drugs that the rest of us can't get hold of. If I could party with anyone in the world it'd probably be him. You can just tell from the music that it'd be unbelievable..


apparently its ketamine he's a big fan of, the description on the press release prety much says so without ever mentioning ketamine, and a mate who hung out with him a few times said the second lp was ket inspired

cooper
11-03-2005, 04:59 PM
depends what scene you mean, i guess. i think e rolled out *even further* in the late 90s. '98 was the big mitsubishi year wasn't it? when i was at uni (98 ->) it had become more of a living room drug.

yeah, to be honest i don't have any interest anymore in taking mdma in front of a large group of people - it was great at a rave or other permissive environment, but now i would just rather not have my friends laughing at me for running around feeling things and chewing my cheek out. i hardly want to smoke weed when i first go out either; it makes me tired and quiet early. how about your benzodiapenes, xanax and such? those go well with a social atmosphere - make you kind of punchy and chatty - except they'll kill your short-term memory.

DJL
11-03-2005, 06:42 PM
I'd been thinking about this question re: grime for some time. Is it the first point in the (hem hem) continuum where E has been largely taken out of the equation altogether? Has it?

I think e is still there with grime as are a lot of other drugs but there is no one set thing everyone takes. Its more take whatever makes you have a good time.

I'd agree that its the first time e on its own is not fueling things for a while.

darknes
11-03-2005, 09:02 PM
(Hi, I'm new here)

Kind of weird that you brought this up, because I've been considering what the "ingredients' have been in the music I've been into lately. It was pretty obvious in the late '90's that US hip-hop producers - Missy, Timba, Outkast - were discovering e. Loopy, tweaked out basslines, jungle-infuenced drum programming, and a bizarre visual sensibility became much more prevalent.

When I go out, it seems that it's either weed or coke that's fueling the party, plus alcohol. I don't like the chatty, greedy coke vibe, but me and weed get along just fine. I used to "do drugs" but now it's a lil alcohol and a bowl or two. The grime-y stuff I like is the half-step style (check the Joe Nice set on www.blentwell.com) and that super dubbed out, slower tempo is definitely wearing its weed heritage on its sleeve.

I feel like we might need a new drug revolution to accelerate the music revolution. A new headspace that forces culture's creators to share the experience and its effects with a wider audience. I felt that the dnb revolution, when taken in the context of the E revolution, was practice for a non-linear future, symbolized by the rise of the click-and-go internet. I think we're ready for a new development...it is just a holistic thing, and it might be lacking an element or two.

polystyle desu
12-03-2005, 04:42 AM
I hear that darknes

A bit of Phillip K Dick's Can- D or Substance D perhaps
Packet of whizz ?

dominic
12-03-2005, 05:00 AM
I think e is still there with grime as are a lot of other drugs but there is no one set thing everyone takes. Its more take whatever makes you have a good time.

I'd agree that its the first time e on its own is not fueling things for a while.

this seems pretty accurate for new york as well -- there's no one drug -- some like cocaine, others prefer weed, others avoid drugs, and still others only when they have spare change

haven't really seen much ketamine about lately

and yeah, there's supposedly a meth problem in the gay scene . . . . i've actually never done meth -- and of course there's that part of me that wants to know what meth is like, as w/ everything else -- so i keep my eyes & ears pealed -- and that i haven't encountered meth surely speaks to how segregated nightlife has become b/w straights & gays, or perhaps i'm travelling in the wrong circles -- but i simply haven't seen meth, despite the supposed epidemic that's going on in this city

mushrooms were definitely making the rounds last summer -- and i imagine that will pick up again once the weather turns warm

fldsfslmn
12-03-2005, 06:12 AM
Meth influenced country could be interesting, though...

The future! Blasts of reductive, unstable twang -- sallow skinned and highly desperate. Lots of facial sores, hoodies, video game consoles stolen and pawned, time spent waiting around at bus stops. Guitar solos that give up and go nowhere ... And the end of the Bush administration.

Dear CMT ....

Backjob
12-03-2005, 02:41 PM
Meth in a really horrible, degraded form, is hugely popular in Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam. It's often sold as little red pills with all sorts of shit in them, which people smoke. Malaysia and Thailand have plenty of strange shit (http://www.sixthseal.com/) bubbling away under the surface, I wouldn't be surprised to see an interesting drugs/music interface emerge from one of those places - everybody in the west is too jaded for chems to mean anything interesting these days. It's such a drug supermarket, in Europe anyhow, that you can have tried and got sick of virtually everything by the time you're 20...

Malaysians love metal with massive guitar solos and, more recently, hip hop and really nasty drugs. Add poverty and Islam to the mix and I reckon that's a recipe for interesting culture.

I was chatting to a guy in Vietnam and he was saying that a lot of people there look back fondly to the days of opium-smoking because back then the drug users were way less obnoxious than they are now, with the prevalence of meth.

how about your benzodiapenes, xanax and such? those go well with a social atmosphere - make you kind of punchy and chatty - except they'll kill your short-term memory.

Definitely fun, definitely popular, but not exactly a good source of creativity!

Dubquixote
12-03-2005, 10:27 PM
I think e is still there with grime as are a lot of other drugs but there is no one set thing everyone takes. Its more take whatever makes you have a good time.

I'd agree that its the first time e on its own is not fueling things for a while.


Despite the growing chasm between the present and everyone's honeymoon with E, and even if people aren't rolling at parties anymore, I feel like E permanently re-wired everyone's brains in a way that is still strongly felt in all post-rave music today, including grime, but probably more obviously in dubstep. Maybe it's just the optimism about reconnecting with the bliss that is disappearing in grime.

Diaz
13-03-2005, 07:57 AM
lots to think about: i guess the phenom that i'm seeing here isn't really limited to here, which is in some sense good news. I have no sense of perspective when it comes to LA :)

that meth is spreading again doesn't totally catch me by surprise, but egah that drug has wickedness in it and if that's the case things are only going to get messier and messier. OTOH, there's very little point to trafficking it...


I wonder if (no, seriously) security post-9/11 has anything to do with it. Coke was certainly spiking for a while and still is but lots of other drugs are very,very difficult to acquire, and people certainly aren't offering them to strangers like they were in high school. I know about the busted acid labs in kansas (http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/chronicle/archive/2000/12/07/MN154990.DTL) 5 years ago that certainly impacted LSD avail. for lots of peeps.


and in ref to poly/dark's suggestions about new drugs, vrrry much agreed. almost wish i'd taken chemistry instead of philosophy. i wonder if we're going to have to wait for some kind of goofy nanotech thing for our next drug wave. the designer drug phenom kind of washed, although now and then some college campuses experience sudden waves of nudity and shouting from someone's DMT-analogue and not just alcohol poisoning.



[are these posts too long? i am a terrible writer! hah]

DJL
13-03-2005, 08:39 AM
Despite the growing chasm between the present and everyone's honeymoon with E, and even if people aren't rolling at parties anymore, I feel like E permanently re-wired everyone's brains in a way that is still strongly felt in all post-rave music today, including grime, but probably more obviously in dubstep. Maybe it's just the optimism about reconnecting with the bliss that is disappearing in grime.

Yeah I agree has had a big effect. No other drug proves that love definitely exists. I find I can experience the same sort of feeling at a party without taking it now without looking like a retard and spilling my guts to everyone. I find I can usually tell within a few minutes of speaking to somebody wether they have taken pills before also. Lets hope it has some kind of evolutionary effect.

bassnation
14-03-2005, 10:44 AM
i was a bit young to be raving at the time but would have thought e disappeared from the scene in about 94 with jungle.

you are joking aren't you? its never gone away to be honest, in london anyway. its just not the main thing anymore though, more a subset of a larger pallet of drugs that people use for a night out.

dominic
14-03-2005, 12:14 PM
yeah my impression of england on my last visit (last summer) was the e was cheap and plentiful

in the early 90s when e was at the height of its popularity in england, it was if anything more expensive in england than in america

but now they practically give the stuff away in england -- 2 to 5 pounds? -- whereas in america it's like $15 to $25

presumably for e to be that cheap in england, rates of consumption must still be high to sustain the necessary economies of scale

also in america the dance/ecstasy culture was more a matter of fashion than popular uproar -- so once dance music went out of fashion, so too did ecstasy ------- that is, obviously it's not the kind of drug you can take every weekend for years on end (cocaine & weed are), but seems to me that ecstasy's fall from favor in the states is more a question of style (and shift to rock retro-ism) than sustainability of use

it's a complicated question w/ many variables

dominic
14-03-2005, 12:16 PM
[are these posts too long? i am a terrible writer! hah]

i don't think there's any set limit on how much you can write

if it bores people, they'll simply skip over it

certainly i'm guilty of writing several really long & ponderous & tangled posts -- which i think deservedly got ignored!

luka
14-03-2005, 11:42 PM
i meant as far as that crowd goes, hardore continuum whatever. obviously e is still around.

mms
15-03-2005, 04:39 PM
i'm suprised the trade in mushrooms hasn't affected music at all, maybe this is because they're a bit shit, well the batch i had anyway.

simon silverdollar
15-03-2005, 05:52 PM
i'm suprised the trade in mushrooms hasn't affected music at all, maybe this is because they're a bit shit, well the batch i had anyway.


and just about all music sounds horrific on mushrooms. bird song is about the only sound i can deal with when i do them.

mms
15-03-2005, 05:54 PM
and just about all music sounds horrific on mushrooms. bird song is about the only sound i can deal with when i do them.




i disagree there.
it can sound a bit trebly but it sounds good, i listened to remarc alot when i took the last batch (at home on my own) and it sounded lovely. actually lovely.

simon silverdollar
15-03-2005, 06:01 PM
i disagree there.
it can sound a bit trebly but it sounds good, i listened to remarc alot when i took the last batch (at home on my own) and it sounded lovely. actually lovely.

really? may be i have a weird reaction to them. i just can't handle music at all on mushrooms- the slightest trace of distortion on a track and it sounds absolutely mental to the point where often i can't even recognise what the song is.

i shudder to think what i'd make of remarc on mushrooms.

mms
15-03-2005, 06:10 PM
really? may be i have a weird reaction to them. i just can't handle music at all on mushrooms- the slightest trace of distortion on a track and it sounds absolutely mental to the point where often i can't even recognise what the song is.

i shudder to think what i'd make of remarc on mushrooms.

ahh not a westcountry boy then?
alot of musical ephiphanies down around there seem to be partly based on mushrooms.

bassnation
15-03-2005, 06:47 PM
how about your benzodiapenes, xanax and such? those go well with a social atmosphere - make you kind of punchy and chatty - except they'll kill your short-term memory.

christ, i wouldn't recommend those to anyone. the most fucked up drug users i've ever met are people who take tranquilisers for fun. i knew one guy who was into valium who smashed up his flat over some dispute with the landlord that he couldn't even remember the next day. ripped all the fixtures like sinks off the walls, smashed every piece of furniture into splinters. walking through his flat you could hear glass crunching under foot it looked like a bomb blast. and off he'd go in his car after not sleeping for two days and after munching a handful of vallies. he was a disaster waiting to happen.

Diaz
16-03-2005, 12:04 AM
oh man, remarc + mushrooms sounds interesting. i wonder if it would help me through the (physical and psychological) wobblies i always get.

i think there are two classes of tranq users...the nice, fun, kind of loud but usually sweet, red wine + benzo people (often found listening to mum or dudes with guitars laying about) and the dangerous slippery folks like bassnation recalls. i think i'm in love with the one of the formers so i'm biased, but aren't those latter type pretty much bombs waiting for fuses anyhaps?

anyways, this topic kind of depresses me now because i listened to (dons flame-retardant suit) some newer psytrance stuff today (new x-dream, and some stuff of boshke beats) and i've realized who to scapegoat for psy/goa's totally boring and whimpery death: cocaine.

jack
16-03-2005, 12:30 AM
Diaz, what in psy-trance music suggests increased cocaine? I'm no expert but music that is expressive in a very OTT way (like trance) would exaggerate and distill the drug's influence

Mika
16-03-2005, 03:04 AM
That's an interesting comment about Remarc and mushrooms - I'm not sure if I'm disturbed by music like silverdollar, I just don't really feel like listening to anything in particular when I'm on them. It's not an urge that I feel, like on E or smoking pot, or even getting drunk (so much money wasted on the jukeboxes!)...

Diaz
16-03-2005, 09:58 AM
Diaz, what in psy-trance music suggests increased cocaine? I'm no expert but music that is expressive in a very OTT way (like trance) would exaggerate and distill the drug's influence

well, take this with a grain of salt*, but a lot of the producers who were doing interesting things (or about to) have turned from what was really exciting and full of potential (wizzy noise, koxbox, midi miliz, x-dream, all those weird frenchies...even infected mushroom's bp empire was kind of neat) have turned to producing house music or something sound like bad ebm, or have jumped back to really frilly and light progressive...

* take with a grain of salt because i stopped paying attention to new releases after I was really put off by a bunch of bad releases in early 2004. i just realized this and felt ashamed. maybe i'm totally off!

jack
16-03-2005, 10:22 AM
(i think remarc would good for mushrooms; use it as external chaos to distract from internal chaos)

bassnation
16-03-2005, 10:46 AM
(i think remarc would good for mushrooms; use it as external chaos to distract from internal chaos)

i had a weird synthenasia experience with mushrooms listening to reggae. synthenasia, if you don't know already, is crossing over of audio and visual stimuli, "seeing music".

my mate was playing loads of roots reggae, the vocal spiritual stuff and i could see loads of orangey red warm looking colours streaming from the decks. it sounded like the most incredible thing i've ever heard, not exaggerating when i say it touched my soul. almost sounded like that cliche beloved of crap nme journos, "sonic catherdrals of sound"

Dubquixote
16-03-2005, 02:31 PM
i had a weird synthenasia experience with mushrooms listening to reggae. synthenasia, if you don't know already, is crossing over of audio and visual stimuli, "seeing music". my mate was playing loads of roots reggae, the vocal spiritual stuff and i could see loads of orangey red warm looking colours streaming from the decks.

I had a similar experience seeing Sonny Rollins play after taking mushrooms. He had a shiny red shirt on and the glow of his shirt started to spread outward like a hazy glow over the whole stage when he really started to cook. Heavy show.

mms
16-03-2005, 04:35 PM
i had a weird synthenasia experience with mushrooms listening to reggae. synthenasia, if you don't know already, is crossing over of audio and visual stimuli, "seeing music".

my mate was playing loads of roots reggae, the vocal spiritual stuff and i could see loads of orangey red warm looking colours streaming from the decks. it sounded like the most incredible thing i've ever heard, not exaggerating when i say it touched my soul. almost sounded like that cliche beloved of crap nme journos, "sonic catherdrals of sound"

xactly, remarc is like the best funfair ever on mushrooms, warm colours, pastel citrus and blues all the noises are like a drop down on the whirlitsers, the chords sound like sea, the voices like ghosts and the drums really 'break', shattered shapes etc.

i reckon 2 step would be good on mushrooms, loads of traces.

and my tv programme 'marcus listens to various types of music on mushrooms and describes them live from his living room' is due on ch4 later this year. he he :D

mms
16-03-2005, 04:57 PM
christ, i wouldn't recommend those to anyone. the most fucked up drug users i've ever met are people who take tranquilisers for fun. i knew one guy who was into valium who smashed up his flat over some dispute with the landlord that he couldn't even remember the next day. ripped all the fixtures like sinks off the walls, smashed every piece of furniture into splinters. walking through his flat you could hear glass crunching under foot it looked like a bomb blast. and off he'd go in his car after not sleeping for two days and after munching a handful of vallies. he was a disaster waiting to happen.

there were a bunch of kids who used to be prescription drug conniseurs when i were a lad, they'd never take illegal drugs cos they thought it made them look like hippies, one of them reacted really mentally to the cure. He's a teacher now. he used to write loads of ptv based graffiti on walls across town .