David Luke meets Luke Davis. DMT, NDE & Aphantasia


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imagery. Instead, researchers
studying waking imagery in blind and sighted individuals have generally concluded that
congenitally blind individuals’ imagery has characteristics that are functionally equivalent in
many ways to the characteristics of visual imagery reported by sighted individuals. The

images of totally congenitally blind individuals, however, lack the uniquely visual character-
istics such as color and brightness and result in slight differences from the performance of

sighted individuals on several imagery tasks. Researchers therefore use the terms visual
image and visual content to mean an image or experience whose properties are similar to
those of an object or scene viewed visually (with one’s eyes). Terms such as spatial image,
analog image, and even visuospatial image have been used to describe imagery that preserves
spatial and metric properties without relying specifically on the visual system. When Be ́rtolo
et al. (2003) used the term visual image, they often blurred the distinction between the two
descriptive categories. They did so for three mistaken reasons.


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conducted extensive empirical
research showing not only that blind people are capable of drawing two-dimensional figures
but also that their drawings are similar to the drawings of sighted individuals in the depiction

of depth, motion, perspective, vantage point, surfaces, contours, edges, and other character-
istics. Kennedy did not interpret his findings as evidence that blind people experience visual

imagery. Rather, he attributed the accuracy of drawings by blind people to the overlap in
information obtained through visual and tactile perceptual systems.


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i wrote about this in my famous book prediction tablet

Now a lot of it is transmitted as pressure alone
as weight of it, as force transmitted through
it ---------**
** -----------" )))---------

See it?

degree of tenderness degree of strength
as touch, felt, at skin receptor site
maternal to paternal axis

weights and measures
where the force-locus
where generated?
how applied?

torque inclement
gale force precipitating

atmosphere disturbance
abnormal fluctuations
in instruments.

spatial acoustic dimensions of the
echo location very advanced sensing equipment
speaking out of what depth, what extremity torn
this utterance-against that cyclonic
torque withstood.
in that tearing
lashed that is
to the mast.

How we detect one another
how we find that signal
in the storm.

that once established allows communication as between
equals at the table.

you've found us / you've made it



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Blind people talk about “watching TV,” “keeping an
eye on things,” “seeing what you mean,” “taking a look at something,” and “visualizing a
scene,” although these visual terms do not imply a visual component. These colloquial

expressions are simply the most convenient phrases that blind people have for communi-
cating their experiences. It should be noted that blind people also use the term visual to

describe imagery experiences that do not fit neatly into any other category of sensory
experience (Kerr & Johnson, 1991). Blind people who know, for example, that a star appears
as a small spot in the night sky may include stars in an image of a nighttime scene. Although

the blind person’s conception of a star may derive only from descriptions, he or she under-
stands it as a visual phenomenon and labels it accordingly. Likewise, blind people describing

dream imagery favor words such as visualize to explain their awareness of the detail of the
dream environment without having to move around or touch particular aspects of the dream


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in other words the langauge of the imagination has a visual bias but that doesnt mean it operates solely in a visual mode.


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According to the synaesthetic model (Brugger, 2000; Irwin,
2000) the visual content of an OBE stems from cross-modal
processing wherein non-visual (e.g., somatic) sensations are
dedifferentiated into visual hallucinations of one’s body
and/or environment. In support of this, Brugger (2000) notes

a case of a patient who had cortical blindness but reported vi-
sual perceptions that were dependent upon the presence of

non-visual cues (Goldenberg et al., 1995). The experience of vi-
sual content during an OBE may occur because of functional

connectivity between cortical structures responsible for inte-
grating multimodal information that is rooted in a pre-exist-
ing tendency for such hyperconnectivity and manifested in

weak synaesthetic experiences. In line with the aforemen-
tioned research linking the TPJ to the occurrence of OBEs, it

is noteworthy that the parietal region is involved in the inte-
gration of multisensory information and has been implicated

in various neuroimaging studies of synaesthesia


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Along similar lines, non-visual sensory

stimuli may be associated with particular visual phenomeno-
logical features of an OBE. For instance, whereas somatic, tac-
tile and vestibular information may contribute to the visual

representation of one’s physical body (Blanke et al., 2004; Irwin,
2000), exogenous cues such as auditory stimuli may be utilized

in the representation of environmental objects and other per-


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Abstract. Two blind monkeys were studied with an observational profile that was
previously shown to distinguish the effects of hallucinogens from those of other classes of
drugs. Lysergic acid diethylamide and dimethyltryptamine could be distinguished from
saline, chlorpromazine, d-amphctamine sulfate, and bromo-lysergic acid diethylamide by the
increased frequency of spasms, stereotypy, bump, and tracking. The hallucinogens also
produced dramatic increases in exploration and related behaviors normally seen only in
response to real visual or auditory stimuli. These behaviors are discussed in terms of their
similarity to behaviors observed with sighted monkeys in light and dark environments.


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Hallucinations induced by psychedelic drugs often cause synesthesia-like experiences (Luke & Terhune, 2013), in which a sen-
sorial stimulus in one modality will consistently and involuntarily produce a second concurrent experience in a different one (Ward,

2013). Acquired synesthesia (Proulx, 2010; Proulx & Stoerig, 2006) or that attributed to drug ingestion, convolve sensory experience
from multiple modalities and elicit phenomenon that are not experienced solely in the ‘mind’s eye’, but instead are projected onto a
person’s reality in real time


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Lily Allen launches her own branded sex toy, saying ‘women shouldn't be ashamed of their sexuality’


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(McKenna, 1982;
Hofmann, 1983), cannabis (Marks, 1975), and ayahuasca (Shanon, 2003; Fotiou, 2012). Proulx and Stoerig (2006) noted that these
sorts of synesthetic experiences can have very different origins, yet all might have an interesting application in helping to create
sensory substitution devices that could evoke the missing sensory modality (e.g., vision) through stimulation of an intact senses (e.g.,
Synesthetic phenomena


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Transcranial magnetic stimulation of the visual cortex
induces somatotopically organized qualia
in blind subjects
Ron Kupers*†‡, Arnaud Fumal§, Alain Maertens de Noordhout§, Albert Gjedde†, Jean Schoenen§, and Maurice Ptito†¶
*Department of Surgical Pathophysiology and Positron Emission Tomography Unit, Rigshosptitalet, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark; †Positron Emission
Tomography Center, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus, Denmark; §Department of Neurology, Centre Hospitalier Re ́gional Citadelle Hospital,
4000 Lie`ge, Belgium; and ¶Ecole d’Optome ́trie, Universite ́ de Montre ́al, Montreal, QC, Canada H3C 3J7
Edited by Leslie G. Ungerleider, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, and approved June 23, 2006 (received for review April 10, 2006)
After loss of a particular sensory channel, the deprived cortex can
be activated by inputs from other sensory modalities. It is not
known whether activation of the rewired cortex evokes subjective
experiences characteristic of that cortex or consistent with the
rerouted sensory information. In a previous study, blind subjects
were trained to perform visual tasks with a tongue display unit, a
sensory substitution device that translates visual displays into

electrotactile tongue stimulation. This cross-modal sensory stimu-
lation activated their visual cortices. We now extend this finding by

using transcranial magnetic stimulation to examine the perceptual
correlates of training-induced plastic responses. We find that blind
subjects proficient with the use of the tongue display unit report
somatopically organized tactile sensations that are referred to the
tongue when transcranial magnetic stimulation is applied over the

occipital cortex. No such sensations were evoked in trained, blind-
folded, seeing control subjects who performed the sensory sub-
stitution task equally well. These data show that the perceptual

correlate of activity in a given cortical area reflects the character-
istics of its novel sensory input source.

blindness cross-modal plasticity rewiring sensation vision
@constant escape


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"there is a natural (physical) body and there is a spiritual body" So states St. Paul, in his first "Epistle to the Corinthians." Psychic research, too, has long ago established the belief that within every material being is a non-material "double" a cryptic entity coiniciding, with minute exactitude, with the physical mechanism in every centre and cell."

the projection of the astral body
muldoon & carrington


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"But the streaky slime in their heavens,
Brought together by narrowing perceptions,
Appear'd transparent air; for their eyes
Grew small like the eyes of a man"
W.Blake. The Book of Urizen.

Working in this medium is difficult. Our messages get lost or misunderstood or miscommunicated. Our messengers get lost or fail to understand the import of their task. Contact is lost, sometimes for years, and without us, you too become lost. Through no fault of your own. Through no fault of ours. This atmosphere is thick. Jellied Air. Veiled in dense clouds of pollution. The mesh of communication and anti-communication waves and signals frustrates us. There may come a time when any contact at all becomes impossible.